Wilderness Survival

The Wilderness Survival Classroom Program is an hour and a half classroom presentation designed to demonstrate to the students some of the techniques and skills that could be used in a survival situation. Listed below are some of the topic areas to be covered.
  1. What To Do If You Get Lost
    S.T.O.P. Mentality (S.T.O.P.: sit, think, observe, plan)                                                                                             Understand the basic concepts of survival
    Know some survival skills
    Have a survival kit
    Be able to think your way out of problems
    Tell someone where you will be and for how long whenever you travel in the wilderness
  2. Making Fire
    Fire is an extremely useful tool for survival. Fires provide heat, light, are a morale booster, can be used to cook and heat water, melt snow, dry out wet clothing, and can be used as a signaling device. We will discuss methods for starting a fire and how a fire can be used for survival purposes.
  3. Shelters
    How to keep warm and dry
    Protecting yourself from animals and bugs
    Where to locate a shelter
  4. Water
    Methods of collecting water
    Purifying water
    Amount of water needed to sustain life
  5. Food In The Wilderness
    Amount of food needed to sustain life
  6. Survival Kits and Signals
    Appropriate survival kits and their contents
    How to make effective ground to air signals
  7. Survival Simulation Activity
Curriculum Connections    Outcomes Indicators
Grade 6
Phys Ed PE6.1 Create and implement a personal health-related fitness plan targeting the health-related fitness component of cardiovascular endurance that involves setting a goal for improvement, applies the F.I.T.T. principle (Frequency, Intensity, Type of activity, and Time), and incorporates daily moderate to vigorous movement activity. C
  Phys Ed PE6.2 Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of inactivity on body composition and how to make healthy choices for a balanced self, including regular participation in movement activity, that effectively and safely affect (maintain, increase, decrease) body fat composition F,I,J
  Phys Ed

PE6.9 Make situational decisions (individual, partner, and team) related to the selection of skills, tactics, and strategies to enhance individual and team performance while participating in:

  • target games (e.g., bowling, curling, golf, bocce ball, archery)
  • invasion/territorial games (e.g.,basketball, touch football, soccer, team handball, soft lacrosse, floor hockey, ultimate frisbee)
  • low-organizational, inventive, and co-operative games (e.g., capture the flag, prisoner's base, four goal game).
  Phys Ed

PE6.10 Apply controlled use of selected movement skills and variations (i.e., locomotor, non-locomotor, and manipulative skills) as well as safe and environmentally friendly behaviours while participating in a variety of:

  • alternate environment activities (e.g. skating, cross-country skiing, downhill skiing, snowshoeing, roping, cycling, hiking, kayaking, aquatics, tobogganing, orienteering)
  • body management activities including dance and educational gymnastics, as well as others (e.g., pilates, wrestling, skipping, track and field, yoga, aerobics).
  Phys Ed PE6.13 Analyze and apply safety guidelines and rules that apply to the target games, invasion/territorial games, and alternate environment activities to develop an appreciation of their impact on self and others. D
  Health  USC6.4 Assess and demonstrate strategies used to identify and make healthy decisions in stressful situations.  C,D,G
Grade 7 Phys Ed PE7.2 Examine personal daily nutritional habits and fluid intake practices that support healthy participation in various types of movement activities and the attainment or maintenance of healthy body weight and body composition. C,G
  Phys Ed PE7.12 Analyze and apply the safety guidelines and rules related to net/wall games, striking/fielding games, low-organizational and inventive games, alternate environment activities, and body management activities to develop an appreciation of their impact on self and others. D
  Phys Ed PE7.13 Role model and practise the behaviours associated with demonstrating responsibility and caring for others to support personal growth in making positive connections while participating in movement activities. D
  Health USC7.1 Establish and use strategies to commit to and act upon personal standards (see grade 6) for various aspects of daily living over which an individual has control. B
Grade 8 Phys Ed PE8.8 Apply and adapt selected activity-related skills (e.g., carrying, paddling, gripping, hanging, wheeling, digging, fire building, snow ploughing, compass reading) and strategies required for participation in alternate environment activities (e.g., backpacking, hiking, cycling, overnight camping, canoeing, snowshoeing, wall climbing, in-line skating, skate boarding, cross-country skiing, tracking, roping, dog sledding, skating, orienteering, downhill skiing, tobogganing, Quincy building). A,I,J
  Phys Ed PE8.12 Demonstrate the skills required to administer basic first aid (e.g., scene management, seeeking help, treating minor injuries, applying precautions for body fluids) required as a result of injury caused by participation in movement activities. A,B,C,D,E,F


Novels Related to Wilderness Survival
By Gary Paulson - Hatchet, Brian's Winter, The River, Brian's Return
By Jean Craighead-George - Julie of the Wolves, My Side of the Mountain
By Will Hobbs - WildManIsland, Far North
By Gordon Korman - Island (series), Shipwreck (series)
By Farley Mowat - Lost In the Barrens
By Will Weaver - Memory Boy
By Walt Morey - Canyon Winter