Bones n' Stones

Located west of the Town of Avonlea, the Dirt Hills rise high above the prairie landscape. They were formed during the last Ice Age, between 10,000 and 13,000 years ago, and are a part of the Missouri Coteau. The Dirt Hills are among the largest and most developed ice-thrust ridges in the world. The highest elevations tower 300m above Regina and 120m above the Missouri Coteau. Between 13,000 and 11,000 years ago when it was too cold to melt, glaciers dug into the ground like a huge bulldozer and pushed up large mounds of dirt called ice-thrust ridges. These ice-thrust ridges allow us to see rocks on the surface of the dirt hills that are up to 75 million years old.

The field trip focuses on rocks, minerals and erosion. The morning of the field trip will be spent looking at different types of rocks and minerals. One of the most fascinating parts of the day is discovering the K-T boundary. This is a layer of earth that designated the boundary, or time line following the extinctions of the dinosaurs; it contains Iridium which doesn't occur naturally on earth. This would lead to the theory that a giant meteor caused the extinction of the dinosaurs. The afternoon of the field trip will be more focused on erosion with reference to fossils and bones. We will explore an ancient shoreline which contains dinosaur coprolites exposed by forces of erosion.

Day of the Trip
It is a 55 minute drive to the Dirt Hills. Students should be on the bus and ready to leave the school by 9:15 in the morning if possible. An activity looking at some of the aspects of the trip will be done on the bus. The full day will be spent at the dirt hills, students and teachers will need to pack a healthy lunch with plenty of liquids. Details of what materials to bring will be discussed in the class visit. See below for Outdoor Field Trip Student Checklist.

Curriculum Connections   Outcomes
Grade 4 Science HC4.1 Investigate the interdependance of plants and animals including humans within habitats and communities


  Science HC4.2 Analyze the structures and behaviors of plants and animals that enable them to exist in various habitats A,B,C,E
  Science HC4.3 Assess the effects of natural and human activities on habitats and communities, and propose actions to maintain or restore habitats B,C,D,G,I
  Science RM4.1 Investigate physical properties of rock and minerals, including those found in local environment A,C,D,E,F,K
  Science RM4.2 Assess how human uses of rock and minerals impact self, society and the environment A,B,C,D,F
  Science RM 4.3 Analyze how weathering, erosion and fossils provide evidence to support human understanding of the formation of landforms on Earth B,C,D,G,I,K,L,N
  Social Studies IN4.2 Describe the origins of the cultural diversity in Saskatchewan communities A,C
  Social Studies DR4.1 Correlate the impact of the land on the lifestyles and settlement patterns of the people of Saskatchewan D,E
  Social Studies RW4.1 Analyze the strategies Saskatchewan people have developed to meet the challenges presented by the natural environment G,H
  Social Studies RW4.3 Assess the impact of Saskatchewan resources and technological innovations on the provincial, national, and global communities C
  Phys Ed PE4.10 Apply tactics, strategies and rules necessary for safe and inclusive involvement in movement activities, including but not limited to co-operative and competitive lead-up games as well as alternate environment activities, when alone and with others. A,B,D,E,F,G,I
  Phys Ed PE4.11 Incorporate safe practises (e.g., warm-up, cool-down, safe stretching, protective responses, proper attire, well-maintained equipment) for the prevention of injury and investigate basic first aid associated with care of illness and injury resulting from participation in movement activities both in and out of physical education class. A,B,G
Bones and Stones Rocks and Minerals Chart13.37 KB
Bones n' Stones Power Point15.27 MB
Bones & Stones Pre and Post Information15.05 KB
Bones n Stones Bus Bingo30.5 KB
Bones Stones Bus Study28.5 KB
Bones Stones Bus Study Answers30 KB
Outdoor Field Trip Student Checklist 76 KB